Tag Archives: social psychology

In a thriller, is suspense its own reward?

A review of Impact by Douglas Preston

@@@@ (4 out of 5)

Start out on the coast of Maine with a brilliant 20-year-old Princeton dropout and her less-brilliant friend puzzling over a meteor shower, cut to CalTech where office politics and other shenanigans are in full flower at the National Propulsion Facility, add one former CIA agent dispatched to the backwoods of Cambodia by the President’s National Science Advisor, mix in a tweedy contract killer, and pretty soon you’re caught up in a pulse-pounding tale that will drag you irresistibly toward an astounding conclusion. And even there you’ll find an ironic twist that will bring a smile to your face.

It’s all totally preposterous, of course. The premise on which Impact is based is a lame refugee from science fiction. The ex-CIA guy — a recurring character in some of Preston’s novels — is a little much to be believed. And that 20-year-old kid is miles off the probability charts. Somehow, though, it doesn’t matter.

What matters, really, is that Impact is nonetheless a ripping good read. Douglas Preston has demonstrated once again his surpassing ability to structure a book that works really well. He is clearly a master of the thriller genre, and if his plot devices are sometimes far-fetched and his characters a little short of believable, so what? Impact is a lot of fun.

Douglas Preston is a best-selling writer with five novels and five nonfiction books of his own under his belt, as well as 16 other books co-authored with others, all but one of them suspense novels written with Lincoln Child. He is the brother of Richard Preston, a best-selling author and writer for The New Yorker.

ISBN-10: 0765317680

ISBN-13: 978-0765317681

ASIN: B002ZCXWTW

Leave a comment

Filed under Disaster Stories, Mysteries & Thrillers

The Man Who Shocked the World, by Thomas Blass

A review of The Man Who Shocked the World: The Life and Legacy of Stanley Milgram, by Thomas Blass

@@@@@ (5 out of 5)

So, here’s a biography of one academic social psychologist by another one, and guess what? It’s fascinating!

Most of the credit has to go to the subject of this book, Stanley Milgram, who was without question the most famous social psychologist who ever trod the halls of academe.

You may never have heard Milgram’s name, but you’ve surely heard about at least two of his most famous experiments. One was the fiendishly clever experiment he devised to study the small-world phenomenon, more popularly known as “Six Degrees of Separation.” His experiments yielded empirical evidence for the validity of that theory. However, the other, best known as Milgram’s “obedience experiments,” gets the lion’s share of the attention in this biography. It was these experiments that were the primary sources of Milgram’s fame — and his notoriety.

Milgram set out in the early 1960s, barely out of graduate school, to determine the extent to which people picked at random would inflict pain on others simply because they were urged to do so by a credible authority figure. He subjected hundreds of New Haven residents to a laboratory protocol in which a man presented as a professor asked them to administer more and more powerful electric shocks to a person in an adjoining room, ostensibly in order to correct his “errors” in answering questions that were part of a learning regimen. To the astonishment of Milgram, his research assistants and staff, and virtually everyone he later shared his findings with, a staggeringly large proportion of otherwise seemingly sane, stable, even “nice” people followed instructions up to a level clearly labeled as dangerous. Less than 20 years after the end of World War II and the madness of the Nazi era, this revelation was beyond shocking. To most, it was mortifying, because it cast such an unfavorable light on human behavior in every country, not just Germany. And it helped make Stanley Milgram so controversial in his field that he was denied the chance to secure a permanent faculty post at Harvard or Yale, where he trained, or at any other of the country’s most prestigious schools.

The emphasis Blass places on the obedience experiments may well be justified from the perspective of a social psychologist, since Milgram’s work in that area remains controversial to this day, alternately vilified and extolled as brilliant, and is still described in virtually every standard text in the field. Unfortunately, the author gives short shrift to Milgram’s exploration of the small-world phenomenon, which may yet prove to have been far more significant from a broader perspective. The concept of “Six Degrees of Separation” has come to be understood as a fundamental property of all complex networks, from the Internet to atoms in a lattice to human society. Blass mentions this significance it what seems to be an afterthought, and his highly abbreviated description of Milgram’s experimental design is far too cryptic to make much sense. In fact, Blass (or perhaps his publisher) betrays a fundamental lack of understanding of Milgram’s role in the history of the small-world phenomenon by referring to Milgram in the book’s subtitle as “the Father of Six Degrees.” In fact, the obscure Hungarian playwright who first advanced the hypothesis on the stage in the late 1920s is no doubt restlessly turning over in his grave at the insult.

The Man Who Shocked the World is fascinating not just because of the profound implications of Stanley Milgram’s work but also because he was such a complex, colorful, and often brilliantly funny man. Interspersed among the descriptions of Milgram’s relationships with his teachers and fellow faculty members, and the lengthy descriptions of so many of his experiments, are excerpts from his extensive correspondence with family and friends. Milgram was an endlessly good-humored writer with an exceedingly non-academic way with words, and Thomas Blass shares just enough of the man’s writerly talents to make this book an outstanding read.

ISBN-10: 0738203998

ISBN-13: 978-0738203997

ASIN: B001S2PLG2

Leave a comment

Filed under Nonfiction, Science